The black currant is a deciduous shrub is grown for its edible berries. Bunches of small, glossy black fruit develop along the stems in the summer. The raw fruit is particularly rich in vitamin C and polyphenols. Black currants can be eaten raw, but are usually cooked in sweet or savoury dishes. They are used to make jams, preserves, and syrups and are grown commercially for the juice market. The fruit is also used to make alcoholic beverages and dyes.